Beauty standards for women have always been nothing short of unrealistic and unachievable, and are made up of racist and infantile images due to the rise of race theory, and the ever-present patriarchy. Feminine beauty has been transformed into an industry designed to keep self-esteem low and profits high and built catering to the white, cisgender, heterosexual male gaze. White supremacy and sexism – particularly the intersection of these two ideas – are still prevalent in modern society, resulting in ideas of the beautiful woman that are consistently paedophilic and racist.
Kurdish women have an active role in politics as a Kurdish Women’s Movement emerged and developed within the nationalist liberation struggle for an independent socialist Kurdistan and continues to drive this struggle towards an autonomous, democratic nation.
Jineology is neither a form of feminism, nor is it an alternative to feminism. It is an epistemological process which centres women – it challenges knowledge and ways of ‘knowing’ as a patriarchal concept.
Michelle Obama’s ‘Becoming’ is the inspirational story of how a working-class girl from the South Side of Chicago came to have such an influence in US politics. Although some may think that her influence came from the sheer luck of marrying the man who would become President of the United States, this would, in fact, be taking away the credit from a strong-minded woman who hoped to make a change to the world years before meeting her future husband.